We explore the fundamental issues of our times that will shape India’s future – its comprehensive national power, evolving international balance of power, interlinkages between geography, politics, security, economics and technology and the meaning of sovereignty and territorial integrity in a digitalized world. We will study India’s role on the global stage as a civilisational state and examine India’s grand strategy.

Dr Amaia Sanchez-Cacicedo May 02, 2024

India-EU Strategic Relations beyond Trade

Mykhailo Samus Feb 26, 2024

2024: The Last Chance for Ukraine?

Shantanu Mukharji Apr 08, 2023

Bangladesh in the Election Year

Zorawar Daulet Singh Feb 25, 2023

Geopolitics for a multipolar era

PS Raghavan Feb 25, 2023

Geography shapes Geopolitics

We examine the attributes of major powers and civilisations, what makes countries great powers, what drives their actions and what this means for India. Major powers include the United States, China, Russia, Europe, and Japan. Civilisational states include Iran and Turkey.

As a peninsular country, India has both a continental and maritime neighbourhood. We study India’s immediate and extended neighbourhoods from Morocco to Indonesia, Central Asia and the Indian Ocean Region. We look at regional processes, fragile states and conflicts and the role of external powers.

Pankaj Saran and PK Saxena Jun 17, 2023

The Indus Waters Treaty: Time to move ahead

Tilak Devasher May 30, 2023

Pashtunwali - The Way of the Pashtuns

Syed Badrul Ahsan Apr 08, 2023

Bangladesh: Revisiting March 1971

National Security

We study threats faced by large pluralistic societies, particularly democracies, from terrorism, radicalization, extremism, illegal migration, narcotics, economic imbalances, religious and social tensions, and poor governance, and what this means for India as a civilizational state.

We look at the challenges facing the Indian Armed Forces, India’s military strategy and doctrine, the security environment, the future of warfare, defence modernisation and indigenisation.

New threats to a nation’s security emanate from information warfare and influence operations, new weapons, dual-use technologies, and new domains of contestation such as information, cyber, maritime, space and artificial intelligence. We study the implications of this for the security of states.

Technology and Economy

Critical and emerging technologies are the new determinant of national power. India is investing heavily in them. We examine the challenges ahead and put the spotlight on strategic materials, rare earths and competition for mineral and natural resources. We study the interplay between technology self-sufficiency, interdependence and dual-use R&D from a security point of view.

Dr Ajey Lele Jun 10, 2024

Great Power Rivalry in Space

Sanjay Anandaram Jan 13, 2024

An Agenda for Technology

Sanjay Anandaram Oct 19, 2023

Fostering a Culture of Innovation

T. C. A. Ranganathan Feb 25, 2023

Reflections on the Indian Economy 2023

Koppillil Radhakrishnan Feb 25, 2023

Technology and Future Society

Surya Kanegaonkar Feb 25, 2023

Securing a Clean Energy Future

Subimal Bhattacharjee Feb 25, 2023

Cyber Security in 2023: The next frontier

The weaponization of economic, trade, investment and financial flows, disruption of supply chains, reshoring, off-shoring, and on-shoring of manufacturing, and securitization of economic policies are challenging existing norms of state behaviour. We look at how these profound shifts are impacting the global South, the meanings of India’s doctrine of self-reliance (atmanirbharta) and the challenges in developing India’s human capital.